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How to Start a Catfish Farm

Commercial and small catfish farming businesses are gaining popularity every day. There are numerous catfish species worldwide. Some of these species are very large and some are smaller.

Today, catfish are available on the market a lot, and most people love this fish at the table. The number of catfish in natural water resources is decreasing for a number of reasons. Lack of natural living space and a lot of fishing are the most common reasons to reduce the number of catfish species.

How to Start a Catfish Farm. But now people are interested in catfish farming and commercially establish large or small catfish farms. If you like aquaculture, you can also store and manage catfish in ponds. The steps to start this aquaculture are.

Choosing a pond for catfish farming (How to Start a Catfish Farm)

Pond selection plays a very important role in maintaining a successful catfish farming business. Before choosing a pond for catfish farming, you should consider the following:    

  1. There should be no flooding in the selected pond.
  2. The shore of the pond should be strong enough and free of all kinds of licks and holes.
  3. If there is a hole on the shore of the pond, all the fish will escape from the pond.
  4. In the rainy season, the depth should not exceed 4 feet.
  5. It is better to make a long pond instead of a squash pond.
  6. Install the pond in an open space so that sunlight can directly reach it.

Pond management

Catfish can be grown in new and old ponds. However, it is better to grow catfish in old ponds. To use a new pond, you need to use fertilizers such as feces, lime, etc. Applying fertilizer after the construction of the pond makes the soil fertile. If the soil in the pond is not fertile, then it interferes with health and the correct growth of fish.

If growing in an old pond, dry the pond thoroughly before buying a catfish. Remove the excess clay and harmful gases before stockpiling. After that, apply lime and other fertilizers. Cover a specific area with a pond that will breed Minou for the first time. Covering the place with a net can stop the fish from harmful predators such as frogs or snakes.

Snakes do more harm than frogs. After creating the fence, fill the pond with freshwater (2 to 3 feet deep). After 2-3 days to fill the pond, it is a stock minnow.  


After completing all pond management tasks, purchase a high-quality catfish minnow. Buy a minnow of 2-3 inches in size from the hatchery. There are many hatcheries that produce high-quality, disease-free and highly productive catfish minnows. After 2-3 days of storage minnow, apply the antifungal drug to the pond. This will help keep minnows from all sorts of diseases.  

Minnow density

Ponds can be used to grow catfish only or in combination with other fish species. When grown catfish with other carp fish, the storage density will be up to 2500 to 3000 per acre. You can increase the number by raising the only catfish in the pond.

Catfish can be grown with other fish species such as tilapia fish, prickly thorns, etc. Growing with pan thorns or tilapia, you can buy 4000-5000 catfish. Cultivating carp fish, tilapia or pangash and catfish will help reduce the cost of feeding. Catfish will eat food provided for carp fish at the bottom of the pond with regular feed intake.

The main advantage of catfish farming with carp fish is that this mixing system reduces the amount of ammonia gas in the pond and ensures a healthy environment for all fish species.  

Feed management

Provide 20% of the daily feed for the first 10 days depending on the weight of the stockpile. Usually, catfish like to eat food at night. Therefore, feed them twice a day. Reduce feed delivery rate to 12-15% after the first 10 days.

Catfish start feeding during the daytime hours when they reach a size of about 3 inches. After 1 month, feed 5% of the feed daily, depending on your weight. To measure the average weight of a catfish, measure a total of 10 fish and divide the total weight by 10.

For example, catfish have a total weight of 2 kg and divide the result by 10. Now the average weight of a catfish is 200 g. Measure the average weight of catfish over a period of time and feed according to the average weight. Feed twice daily (break in the evening first in the morning). How to Start a Catfish Farm.

Always provide adequate feed depending on the age and weight of the fish. Providing less feed than Catfish’s daily needs will prevent it from living properly. And if you feed more than their demand, extra food contaminates water and increases feed costs.  

Winter time

Winter season is not favorable for catfish farming. In this season, various diseases affect catfish. Therefore, special attention should be paid to this season. Normally, change the water regularly every 15 days. Antifungal drugs are applied every month. Keep the depth within 2 feet. If excessive amounts of ammonia gas are found, you can use Ganonex medicines (generally used to remove ammonia gas).  

Catfish collection

Nets can be used to collect fish from the pond. However, it is very difficult to collect catfish from a pond using a net. You can collect a few catfish using a net. However, to collect all the fish at once, you need to remove water from the pond. Always collect fish in the morning or afternoon. Do not collect catfish when the weather is too clear. How to Start a Catfish Farm.

Collecting catfish on an overly sunny day will damage the condition of the fish and experience a lower rate in the fish market.   Catfish have a great demand and price in the market. Almost all types of catfish cook on the table. Catfish are also medicinal and very suitable for patients. As a result, doctors advise patients to eat catfish.

However, catfish farming is a great way to earn some income with your current job. It is also a great source for meeting your family’s nutritional needs every day. On average, you can produce about 4 tonnes of catfish (proper care and care) in the 1-acre pond within 10 months.      



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