Tilapia Fish Farming
The food value of fish is recognized worldwide. Protein plays an important role in the human diet for proper growth and other important activities. Fish is considered a good source of protein for the human diet. Compared to other sources of animal protein, fish provide digestible protein with high human growth-promoting value.
Recent studies have demonstrated that fish protein is superior to milk, beef and egg albumin for digestibility as high as 96% of fish. These proteins contain all essential amino acids in the concentrations required in the human diet, lysine, arginine, histidine, leucine, isoleucine, valine, threonine, methionine, phenylalanine and tryptophan. This makes the biological value of fish much higher. Therefore, fish is also an effective supplement for people whose diet is the subject of plant origin, which lacks lysine and methionine. Tilapia Fish Farming.
Fish, in addition to about 20% protein, contains phosphorus, iron, calcium, iodine, vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin B / vitamin B2, and niacin to supplement the human diet. The fish’s flesh is white and is worth 300 to 600 calories for a pound of fish. Fish is also a child’s food, highly nutritious and easily digestible by infants. In other words, the nutritional value of fish is higher than that of beef, lamb, sheep, and poultry.
Best of all, it is easy to cook, taste and taste, and easy to digest. In a recent study, fish meat in human diets has been recorded to reduce cholesterol formation and thus reduce the risk of heart problems because cholesterol has very unsaturated fatty acids. Tilapia Fish Farming
Pakistan Fish Farm Selection
The location needs special consideration. It should be located in areas where floods are less frequent and should have adequate texture, sufficient water supply, availability of required inputs, and market roads to allow farmers to drain in emergencies. You can also access the rainy season.
Potential areas for trout farming are northern regions of Pakistan, such as Chitral, Haripur, Kaghan, Kalam, Madyan (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa), Murree (Punjab), Azad Kashmir and Skardu, which have trout farming potential. Temperature, water and soil conditions help the project. Also, in the summer months, local consumption in the summer will be considerable, as tourists from the warmer regions of the region visit the mentioned regions.
Most regions across Pakistan have the potential for tilapia aquaculture. These areas include Awaran, Khuzdar, Lasbela, Sibbi (Baluchistan), Bannu, Charsada, D.I. Khan, Karak, Kohat, Mardan, Nosara, Swavi (Kyberpak Takhwa), Hyderabad, Nabsha, Sukur, Sikarpur, Thatta (Sind), D.G. Cannes, Faisalabad, Gujranwala, Gujarat, Multan, Muja Fagar, Okara, Sahiwal, Behari (Punjab) and other areas with a climate, soil and water conditions. The Fisheries Development Committee should be contacted for a clear understanding of geographic and technical aspects before the project begins.
Soil sampling for fish farming
Soil samples should be taken from the proposed site to determine the suitability of the fish farm. It should be slightly below the depth that represents the surface and the bottom of the pond. That is, if 3 feet of soil is expected to be excavated, soil samples should be taken at a depth between 3 and 4 feet. The soil auger is drilled to the desired depth to take a soil sample. The soil from the auger head is then placed in a plastic bag and taken to a departmental lab for analysis. The bag should indicate the farm name, location, and depth of where the soil sample was taken.
Water quality of fish farms
In most areas of Punjab, Suwon comes from the canal or irrigation canal. Tubewell water quality should be analyzed. For this purpose, samples should be taken from preferably sealed bottles and sent to the Fisheries Department’s laboratory for testing of total alkalinity, hardness, pH, nitrogen, total dissolved solids, and other necessary parameters.
Fish farm design
The production pond/growth pond should be 1 acre in a 2.5-acre area with a length of 2: 1, while the size of the farm pond should be at least ½ acre and 1/8 of the farm area total production area of the fish farm project. Each production and aquaculture plant must have the independent inlet and effluent structures to regulate the pond water levels.
Fish farm management / Fertilization
In the new pond, the bottom must be emptied before filling with water from 5,000 to 6,000 Kgs of organic fertilizer per acre. Cow dung or poultry waste is the most desirable manure. Similar quantities should be added periodically in subsequent steps to maintain pond productivity from March to October throughout the growth period.
In addition, fertilizer is applied every other week during the growth period to maintain the productivity of the farm. Different fertilizers require different application procedures. The fertilizer spreads evenly over the pond, while the fertilizer must dissolve in water and spread evenly over the water surface of the pond.
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